Having bumps on side of the tongue can be scary if you don’t know the cause. However, most of these bumps usually resolve on its own and they do not pose a life-threatening problem. There are a few cases that may require medical attention.
Generally, having bumps on top, side and back of the tongue can be a nuisance since they interfere with eating, swallowing, tasting and taking. It is important to identify the underlying cause before adopting any form of treatment in case you encounter these bumps on the tongue.
In this post, you will get insight into the causes of bumps on the side of the tongue and some of the home natural remedies that can help to get rid of tongue bumps. You will also discover some serious conditions that may require medical attention.
Causes of Bumps on Side of Tongue
According to doctors on WebMD, the condition of your tongue can tell more about your health. Here are the most common causes of bumps on the side of your tongue that can lead to discomfort and irritation to the back of your tongue.
- Canker sores
Canker sores usually appear on many people on the tongue at some point in life. These small bumps like mouth ulcers can occur at any place on the mouth including the sides of the tongue. These tiny oral bumps are marked by tingling or burning sensation before the appearance of white mouth ulcers.
According to doctors from the Mayo Clinic, these bumps are either white or yellow and are surrounded by a red border. White bumps are usually tiny while yellow bumps appear as large painful sores that tend to take longer to heal.
According to Dr. John Cunha on WebMD, there are several factors that can lead to the formation of canker sores. These factors are eating acidic foods, vitamin deficiency, prolonged stress, and excessive smoking.
- Cold sores
Cold sores are types of bumps that are either white or red and can occur on the side of the tongue as well as along the lips. They are also known as fever blisters and they mainly affect the lips, tip of the tongue, the roof of the mouth and back of the tongue.
According to Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD, fever blisters on the lips and side of the tongue are known to be caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1. You will notice the appearance of small gray bumps with the red base along the side of the tongue.
- Oral thrush
This is a type of yeast infection that results in the formation of white bumps on the back and side of your tongue. You will notice the appearance of a white cottage-like cheese on your tongue. It mainly occurs on the back of the tongue and around the throat.
According to Dr. Minesh Khatri on WebMD, the type of fungus that causes yeast infection is known as candida. It is found in the mouth and in case of overgrowth, it causes the formation of small white bumps on the back, tip, and sides of the tongue as well as inside your cheeks.
Generally, stress is known to be the cause of many ailments in the body. it can also trigger the appearance of bumps on the sides of your tongue by aggravating the underlying cause. Some of the common bumps triggered by stress are canker sores, cold sores, and yeast infections.
According to Dr. Dyall-Smith who is a dermatologist from New Zealand, stress can also result in inflamed taste buds around your tongue. This condition can result in swelling, inflammation, and pain on your tongue.
- Inflamed taste buds
The medical term that is used to describe inflamed taste buds on the tongue is known as transient lingual papillitis. On the other hand, swollen papillae on the back of your tongue can result in lie bumps.
According to the medical study about the causes of inflamed taste buds published in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, tongue bumps occur due to digestive problems, fluctuations in hormones, or allergies.
- Squamous cell papilloma
These are types of small bumps that mainly occur on the back of your tongue and slightly on the side of the tongue. Most of these bumps are noncancerous growths and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
According to Dr. Vanessa Ngan on WebMD, squamous cell papillomas can also occur on any tissues within the oral cavity such as inside lips and inside the cheeks. The bumps are marked by being either small red or pink bumps on the tongue.
- Scarlet fever
This could result in the formation of tiny bumps on the back and side of your tongue. You will notice a strawberry tongue appearance due to red and bumpy tongue surface.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, scarlet fever mainly occurs due to bacterial infection. The condition is marked by fever, sore throat, red and bumpy tongue.
- Lymphoepithelial Cysts
This is a less common type of bump that occurs on the sides and back of your tongue. According to the Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College, the type of bumps mainly appears on the floor of your tongue. They can be removed surgically.
- Oral cancer
This type of cancer is rare but usually begins as a small to large bump or blood blisters that do not heal on the side or the back of your tongue.
According to Dr. Michael Friedman on WebMD, the common symptoms and signs of oral cancer are bumps or lumps inside your mouth, persistent sore throat and sores in the mouth that bleed.
Painful Bumps on Side of Tongue
There are several factors that can result in sores on the side of the tongue. Some of the common causes of painful bumps on the side of your tongue include:
- Lie bumps (transient lingual papillitis)
These are types of bumps that mainly occur on the tongue among the majority of people once in a lifetime. The bumps can either be red or white which causes irritation and swelling. It is mainly caused by stress, hormones, or particular foods which are spicy.
- Canker sores
They mainly occur under the tongue or anywhere on part of the mouth. They are usually painful and red sores. The causes of canker sores are unknown.
Tongue biting, burning and any other injuries can result in the formation of bumps on the side of the tongue. These bumps are however harmless and do resolve on its own.
- Other causes
- Scarlet fever
- Burning tongue syndrome
- STDs such as herpes
- Oral cancer
White Bumps on Side of Tongue
White bumps on the side of the tongue are caused by several factors. Some of these factors include:
- Tongue trauma which is caused by hot foods or tongue biting
- The inappropriate fixture of dentures which causes friction along the side of tongue resulting in white bumps.
- Oral Lichen Planus which is an inflammatory condition on tongue resulting in white patches and lining on the inside of the mouth.
- Candida Fungus infection in the mouth leading to the formation of white patches on the lining of the mouth and tongue.
Red Bumps on Side of Tongue
There are varieties of reasons that can cause the formation of red bumps on the side or the back of your tongue. However, most of these bumps are not serious since they can be treated using simple natural home remedies.
You can develop red bumps on the side of the tongue can occur due to tongue biting, poorly fitted dentures, harsh brushing etc.
Circumvallate Papillae are types of bumps that tend to occur naturally and are larger than the normal bumps on the tongue. These bumps are slightly red and sore.
You can also develop red bumps on the side of the tongue due to infections, canker sores, allergies and even oral herpes.
Bumps on Side of Tongue Pictures
The pictures in the article create insight into the causes and some of the symptoms shown by the underlying causes. You can use the pictures to known when to visit your doctor for medication and treatment. Here is a sample of the images.
Home Remedies for Bumps on Side of Tongue
Some of the common natural home remedies that can help to get rid of bumps around the tongue include:
- Salt solution
It has the ability to reduce inflammation and pain by killing bacteria and germs that cause infection. Here are some of the steps to follow when using a salt solution to treat bumps on the side of your tongue:
- Mix 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of lukewarm water and stir it well.
- Swish the solution around in your mouth for at least 30 seconds and spit it out.
- Then, put a pinch of salt directly on the blisters for a minute and rinse your mouth with warm water.
- Repeat the process 4 or 5 times daily until the blisters are cured.
- Baking Soda
It has anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe pain and inflammation. It can also help to restore the pH of the mouth. How to use it:
- Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda to a cup of warm water.
- Swish the solution around your tongue and mouth for a few minutes and then spit it out.
It has antiseptic properties that can help relieve the pain and inflammation caused by the bumps on the side of the tongue. Here are the steps on how to use:
- Mix 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder with 1 tablespoon of honey.
- Apply the paste on the blisters with your finger and leave it on for at least 3 minutes.
- Rinse it off with warm water. Do this 3 or 4 times daily for a few days.
- Aloe Vera
It has a natural healing and antibacterial properties for killing bacteria that causes bumps on the back and side of the tongue. It also helps to reduce pain and inflammation.
How to use it:
- Cut an aloe vera leaf to extract the gel.
- Apply this gel on the blisters and leave it on for 5 minutes.
- Rinse your mouth with lukewarm water.
- Repeat several times a day for about 3 to 4 days.
- Ginger and Garlic
It’s anti-inflammatory and analgesic a property that is known to deal with painful bumps on the side of the tongue as well as lie bumps on the tongue.
Chew on garlic cloves and ginger multiple times every day. You can increase their intake by adding them to the foods you consume.
When to See a Doctor for Bumps on Side of Tongue
It is important to note that most problem affects your tongue is not serious since they can be treated using simple home remedies that occur naturally. There are some instances you may be required to see your doctor for treatment of bumps on the tongue.
According to doctors on mayo clinic, you will be required to see your doctors about your bumps on the side of the due the following:
- Recurring sores that won’t heal
- Ulcers or canker sores that last for more than 2 weeks
- Swelling of the tongue
- When you have difficulty in eating and talking
- Bumps that do not resolve despite the use of home remedies.
- Bumps on Back of Tongue: Causes and Effective Treatments: https://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/bumps-on-back-of-tongue/
- White Bump on Side of the Tongue: https://www.enkimd.com/white-bumps-on-side-of-tongue.html
- Red Bumps Way Back on the Tongue: https://www.livestrong.com/article/312859-red-bumps-way-back-on-the-tongue/
- What Are the Bumps on My Tongue? https://www.healthline.com/health/dental-and-oral-health/tongue-bumps
- Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Blisters On The Tongue: http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/effective-home-remedies-to-treat-blisters-on-your-tongue/#gref