Groin Pain in Women (Left & Right Side) Causes, Pictures, and Treatment

Groin pain in women is a condition that causes discomfort around the private area. There are a number of reasons that result in groin pain in the female. Some of these reasons are minor and others may be severe.

It is quite hard to pinpoint the cause of groin pain. The pain in the groin could range from minor injury to muscle or nerves in your lower back, strained thigh ligaments or tendons, infections in your internal organs, or it can be linked with your menstrual cycle.

The article provides some insightful information about the causes of the stabbing pain in the groin area, symptoms, treatment and circumstance under which you will be required to see a doctor.

Where is The Woman’s Groin?

According to Wikipedia, groin area is the junction area between the abdomen and the thighs. The region has pubic bones which consist of adductor muscles of the hip or the groin muscles. Straining adductor muscles of the hip will result in pulled groin muscles which is painful.

However, the causes of female groin pain are divided into two main kinds that are direct and indirect pain. Straining legs muscle will result in direct pain in either the left or right thigh muscles.

In case of infections in the kidney or bladder, you may experience indirect pains that radiate from the abdomen to the groin area.

You can also suffer from groin pain that is related to the reproductive system apart from normal pains such as lower back pain, abdominal pain, and pelvic discomfort.

During the ovulation period, you may experience abdominal and pelvic cramping. However, there are some instances these groin pain could be an indication of more serious health conditions like ovarian cysts or endometriosis.

Fortunately, some of the groin pain among women can be relieved by the use of a warm compress. It is also recommended to consult a professional physician on issues of health conditions or hip problems that are causing the groin pain.

Groin Pain in Women Symptoms

It is quite difficult to identify the source of the left groin pain or the right groin pain since it seems to originate from somewhere else. Most often, the groin pain as many symptoms.

The picture of the groin area in female or groin pain picture can help you understand the exact region on the groin that experiences pain.

You may experience pain while walking after having pulled pelvic muscles or joint dysfunction. Most women find it more painful at night or when they are doing some physical exercise in a gym.

You may also experience a shooting pain down on one of your legs or have a tingling sensation in your lower back or hip joint.

There is some instance you may experience pelvic discomfort that is associated with your menstrual cycle, the groin pain will come and go during the cycle.

Some of the other symptoms that are associated with the menstrual cycle are severe lower abdominal cramping pain before your period along with some spotting, infections or inflammation like appendicitis or kidney disorders. You may also experience nausea and vomiting with the pain and possibly have a fever.

Groin Pain in Women Causes

The following are some of the common causes of groin pain in women. The causes include:

Pelvic inflammatory disease

The disease brings about pain in your pelvic area that is accompanied by the vaginal discharge that has a strong odor or fishy vaginal odor.

This is a bacterial infection among women reproductive system that results in inflammation. You may also experience a shooting pain that radiates from your abdomen or lower back to the pelvic area.

According to doctors from the Mayo Clinic, the disease may cause mild symptoms like light pelvic pain or severe symptoms like aching pelvic pain or severe lower abdominal discomfort.

It is recommended to see you doctor in case you experience symptoms such as fever, vomiting, and offensive-smelling discharge that is accompanied by pelvic pain. This will help to avoid future complications in the reproductive system.

Twisted ovary

This condition of the ovary results in sudden groin pain that may either affect the right or left groin area. Twisted fallopian tube or ovary is usually caused by hormone treatment, ovarian cysts, or pregnancy. You may also experience vomiting.

According to Gynecologist, Dr. Gene McNeeley from the Center for Advanced Gynecology and Pelvic Health, twisted ovary usually occur on one side of the body. You will experience severe pain in one side and tenderness around the abdominal area.

Some weeks before the condition happens, you will experience crampy pelvic pain that comes and goes. Visit a medical specialist for surgery in order to get twisted ovary treated.

Endometriosis

You may experience groin pain due to the certain growth of endometrial tissue on the reproductive organs. The condition causes severe groin pain and it may also be the reason behind cramping pains without a period.

The pain around the groin region is not localized but it can spread to the lower back and also result in pain in the belly.

According to the Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, debilitating groin pain in women can also be caused by endometriosis. The condition can also result in cramping pelvic pains before or after the periods. You may also experience bleeding after periods as reported by doctors from the mayo clinic.

The pain caused by the condition is variable among different women. There are certain groups of women who may experience severe pain in the pelvic area while others may experience mild pains.

Adenomyosis

This is a condition that is similar to endometriosis and can also cause groin pain in women. This is the conditions that occur in the uterus where the endometrial tissue grows out on the walls of the uterus. You may experience severe cramping or be shooting sharp pain in the pelvic area.

According to the gynecologist, Dr. Nasrin Moghadami Tabrizi, the condition is considered to be the cause of the severe groin pain and also endometriosis.

Ovarian cysts

This is the type of groin pain that only affect women. Ovarian cysts are described as small sacs that are filled with fluid and they usually disappear on their own. You may experience a dull or sharp pain on one side of your groin in case the cysts burst.

According to the journal Practitioner, the ovarian cysts may result in either general pelvic discomfort or one side of your groin pain or both. You may feel the cramping effect of the ovarian cysts on your upper thigh. The condition may also result in irregular vaginal spotting.

Other symptoms that are linked to ovarian cysts include; abdominal bloating, pain during bowel movements, irregular menstrual bleeding, or pain while having sexual intercourse.

Uterine Fibroids

According to the research done by the Cleveland clinic, almost three-quarters of the women in America are affected by uterine fibroids. These are growths that are generally benign and they occur on the walls of the uterus.

According to doctors from Mayo Clinic, regardless of the size and location of the growths on the uterus, you may experience pelvic discomfort or pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and pain in the leg or back.

Ectopic pregnancy

In case you are pregnant, this can be the cause of groin and abdominal pain. This is a type of pregnancy that occurs outside the womb. Identifying the signs of the ectopic pregnancy is tricky since they are similar to that of a normal pregnancy.

Some of the common early signs and symptoms of pregnancy are implantation spotting, lower back pain, fatigue and light cramping that happens at the start of pregnancy.

According to Dr. Mary Harding on Patient.info, ectopic pregnancy is marked by severe pelvic cramping and abdominal pain. Sometimes, you may feel dizzy, have tender breasts, and pain that radiates to your shoulder.

It is recommended to see your doctor in case you notice abnormal vaginal bleeding but no period. There is some instance you develop ectopic pregnancy without knowing.

Sharp Pain in Groin Female

The most common cause of stabbing pain in the groin among women is a strain of the muscles, ligaments, or tendons. Sharp pain in the groin area is common among athletes.

An inguinal hernia is another common cause of sharp groin pain in women. It occurs when the internal tissues push through a weak spot in the groin muscles.

Other less common cause of sharp pain in the groin area among women includes:

  • Intestinal inflammation
  • Testicular inflammation
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pinched nerves
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

Right Groin Pain in Female

There are numerous reasons that are behind pelvic pain and discomfort on the right side of the groin area.  Some of the common causes may include:

Injury

This is the common cause of groin pain in women and men. It usually occurs inform of a hip fracture, infected hip joint, or injury to the tendons in your leg. According to research, overworked leg muscles during sports or workouts could be the cause of the injury.

You may also feel the pain that radiates to your back or down the leg depending on the severity of the pain. According to Dr. William Blahd on WebMD, the leg muscles are subjected to many factors that can strain, stretch or tear leg ligaments and muscles. These factors may result in localized swellings and bruises on the soft muscle tissues.

Some of the common regions around the groin that may be subjected to the pain are the genitals, hips, and joints. This is quite common among long-distance runners that put extra strain on your pubic area.

Pulled muscles

Women with sudden acute pain in their groin or chronic pelvic pain when walking could be due to strained muscles. Pulled muscles in many cases are not linked to muscles in your legs.

However, according to Dr. Blahd on WebMD report, it states that pulling or lifting heavy objects could pull abdominal muscles resulting in groin pain in women.

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction

This is a common problem among many women and it is known to cause pelvic pain that can also be experienced on the lower back and buttocks. This is a joint that occurs at the bottom of the spine (the sacrum) and the pelvis.

According to physiotherapists from Cleveland Clinic, the exact cause of the condition is unknown but it causes pain in your lumbar and pelvic regions. However, too much movement can result in the condition that eventually spread down from the lower back to the groin.

Other symptoms are the pain in the buttocks, lower back, and down the muscle of the legs. This condition is quite common among women than men. Many women experience a lot of discomfort at night due to chronic pelvic and lower back pain.

Consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment since there are some instances you may experience groin pain that causes sharp shooting pain down your leg or stiffness in your hip movement.

Sacroiliitis

This is the main source of groin pain among many women that radiate pain to the lower back and buttocks. The condition causes inflammation as a result of the SI joint.

According to the report from doctors from the Mayo Clinic, the condition is usually felt in the buttocks or lumbar region. You may also experience groin pain and upper thigh pain. Some of the common factors that can trigger pain are standing in one place for a long time, climbing stairs, or taking large strides.

Back problems

Female groin pain can occur as a result of back problems that comprise trapped nerves in the lower back area. You may feel pain on one side of groin or thigh while resting, taking part in physical activity, or sitting down. The most affect nerve is the sciatic nerve.

According to doctors from Harvard Health, a compressed or injured sciatic nerve can result in pain in the groin, lower back, and legs. Also, the damage of the nerves could be due to arthritis, injury, or overuse.

You may also experience a dull aching in the groin region that feels like a burning sensation. Both pelvic and buttock pain at night among many women can be caused by Sciatica nerve.

Left Groin Pain in Female

They include:

Urinary tract infection

This is the most common cause of pain in the groin among many women. The infection is more common in women than men and it can cause pelvic discomfort. UTI has also accompanied with other symptoms apart from pain.

According to doctors from the National Health Service, some other common symptoms of UTI are the lower abdominal pain, frequent urge to pee and feel a burning sensation when passing urine. Consult your doctor for treatment or use can use natural remedies such as apple cider vinegar for UTI.

Kidney infection

This is the main cause of flank pain in women. Also, the kidney infection is more common in females than males and this is the reason behind the female pelvic pain.

According to the research from Doctors from the Mayo Clinic, kidney infection is caused by bacteria and it may result in inflammation and pain. You may feel the pain in the groin, back or flank as well as mild to severe discomfort in the abdominal area under your ribs.

Bladder disorder

This could be due to interstitial cystitis that causes bladder pressure and a frequent urge to pee. According to research done by doctors from Mayo Clinic and a study about interstitial cystitis published in 1993, female pelvic pain can be felt between the vagina and anus. The condition can also result in severe groin pain and cause discomfort at night due to the frequent urge to pee.

Other non-infections that Cause Groin Pain in Women includes:

  • Appendicitis is a dull ache in the middle of the abdomen and spread to the lower back.
  • Kidney stones are small calcium deposits in your kidney
  • An inguinal hernia is caused by straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, or chronic coughing or sneezing.

Groin Pain When Walking

Due to the presence of many organs around the groin region, the pain that hinders walking could be due to infection or non-infection. Some of the causes of groin pain when walking include:

Muscle Strain and Hernia

Strained or pulled muscles that are located in the thighs and groin can result in groin pain.  You may also feel hip stiffness, muscle weakness, and swelling when standing or walking for long distance. Consult your trainer on how to avoid and treat pulled muscles.

Hip Osteoarthritis

According to experts from Livestrong, a wearing or degeneration of the cartilage in the hips can also result in the groin pain. The condition is also accompanied by joint stiffness, cracking or popping, and muscle loss or atrophy. If it remains untreated, it may result in bony projections or bone spurs, which may also cause more pain.

Other common causes of groin pain when walking include:

  • Nerve Compression
  • Acetabular labral tears
  • Tendinitis
  • Osteitis pubis
  • A stress fracture of your thigh bone

Groin Pain in Women Treatment

Treat the underlying medical condition in case it is the cause of the female groin pain. However, the following are some of the effective home treatment that can help to ease the overall groin pain in both women and men.

Cold treatment

Application of an ice pack on the damaged upper leg, lower back, or damaged pelvic muscles could help to create numbness hence reducing the pain.

According to Doctor of Physical Therapy, Dr. Ross Brakeville, it is recommended to apply ice pack on the inner thighs in order to get rid of groin pain and swellings.

How to use

  • Put crushed ice cubes in a plastic bag, seal it tight, and cover with a thin towel.
  • Apply the ice pack to your painful groin area and hold there for 20 minutes.
  • Repeat every 3 or 4 hours to help prevent swelling and bleeding in the muscle tissue.
  • Use for up to 2 days to help treat the pain and promote healing.
  • If the pain continues after 2 days, you should switch to a heat pack.

Heat treatment

Female groin pain can be treated at home by use of heat pack especially if the pain is caused by the menstrual cycle, bladder infections, or when recovering from a pelvic muscle injury.

The heat from the pack improves blood flow to the damaged or inflamed tissue and helps speed up the healing process.

According to research published by experts from WebMD, to ease abdominal pain and groin pain, the use of heat pads and warm packs play a vital role in easing the pain by increasing blood flow.

How to use

  • Make your own heat pack at home by filling a sock with rice and tie it shut.
  • Microwave the rice-filled sock for 1-2 minutes.
  • Remove from the microwave (making sure it’s not too hot to handle).
  • Hold the heat pack to your groin area for 20 minutes at a time.
  • Repeat 3 times a day to help quickly get rid of the pain in your groin.

Stretching Exercises

This is an important activity that helps to prevent groin injuries and pulling of tendons or muscles on your upper leg.

You can use a foam roller in order to get rid of back pains and stop pinched nerves causing groin or leg pain.

Essential oils

Some of the common essential oils that have pain relieve properties include; chamomile, lavender essential oil, and peppermint.

Massage the affected part of the groin with one of these oils since it helps to calm your mind and irritated sciatic nerves.

When to See a Doctor

There are many different causes of female groin pain as mentioned above. In most occasions, the pain in the groin could be due to strain or daily wear and tear. In case you feel sudden pelvic pain, you can get worried.

According to the recommendation from doctors from the Mayo Clinic, you should get immediate treatment in case you experience severe groin pain that comes on suddenly.

It is also important to talk to your doctor in case it affects your daily activities and it becomes chronic.

FURTHER REFERENCES

  1. Groin Pain in Women: https://iytmed.com/groin-pain-in-women/
  2. Groin Pain in Women Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Explained: http://losp.org/groin-pain-women-explained/
  3. What Causes Groin Pain? https://www.healthline.com/symptom/groin-pain
  4. Why Women Have Pain in the Groin, Hip, Low Back or Lower Abdomen: https://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/groin-pain-in-women/
  5. Reasons Women Have Pain in Their Low Back, Groin, Abdomen, and Hips: https://www.braceability.com/blog/lower-back-pain-in-women/