Pruritus is a medical term used to describe itching without rash. This is a condition that triggers you to scratch yourself to relieve itchiness on the surface.
Fortunately, the itching condition can disappear without any form of treatment. In case you experience itching without any visible sign like rash or bump, it could imply an underlying medical problem in the body.
Get an insight into the causes and prevention tips for adopting in case you fall a victim of itching without a rash or bump formation.
What Causes Itching without Rash?
What causes unexplained itching? Well, let’s find out the reasons behind itching all over body no rash or bumps. The causes include:
Itchy skin without a rash is commonly caused by dry skin. The condition is known to be caused by environmental factors like low humidity and hot or cold weather.
However, dry skin is usually mild, and it can be decreased by bathing in hot water to moisturize the skin. You can also use a moisturizer or install humidifier during drier seasons of the year in the house.
Severe cases of dry skin can be brought about by skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. You will be expected to visit a dermatologist for treatment.
Certain medications are known to result in unexplained itching all over the body without being accompanied by the formation of a rash or bump.
Some of the conventional medicines that result in itching all over the body at night include statins, blood pressure drugs, antibiotics, antimalarial, and diabetes drugs.
You will be expected to stop the medication and replaces them with other drugs to reduce itching all over the body.
The thyroid is a gland found around the neck, and it is an essential type of the organ in the body. The gland helps to regulate growth and metabolism rate.
People with thyroid disorder experiences itching without any rashes. This condition results in the stoppage of the skin to perform its function well.
The disorder can result in an autoimmune disease known as grave disease, which is associated with extreme itching without a rash. You will be expected to take antihistamine drugs that will help to relieve itching.
The kidney is an organ that plays a vital role in the body. It helps in filtering out waste and water from the blood to form urine.
People with itchy skin without a rash is usually due to the cause of kidney disease that has been left untreated.
To reduce the itching effect, it is recommended to stick to your treatment plan with dialysis and any medications.
The organ helps in filtering waste from the blood. The liver disease will make the organ to fail in performing its function and its result in a condition that leads to itchy skin without a rash.
Medical experts recommend taking cholestyramine, colesevelam, and rifampicin to ease the symptoms linked to liver disease.
The organ plays a vital role in the body digestive system. An individual with pancreatic cancer and other problems are likely to experience itching of skin without any rash.
Most of the pancreatic issues are caused by cholestasis and jaundice. It is recommended to seek medication from a medic to relieve the problem of itching all over the body without a rash or bump formation.
Iron deficiency anemia
This is a condition that occurs when an individual lacks adequate irons for making the body stay healthy. The situation is quite common among vegetarians, menstruating women, and injured people who have lost a lot of blood.
Itching without a rash happens to be among the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. The condition can be treated by taking iron supplements or eating food rich in irons.
Itching sensation in the body can be triggered by the body nervous system. Research shows that nerve disorder can lead to itching without any rash or bump.
Some of the common nerve disorder that leads to pain and itching in the body are diabetes, shingles, and pinched nerves. Seek medical assistance for diagnosis of these issues.
Itchy skin can be a sign of cancer, although this is considered to be a rare case. Experts aren’t sure why itching without a rash is quite rampant among patients with cancer.
These form of itching is quite common on the legs and chest. Research shows that they are caused by Melanoma, which is skin cancer.
It is recommended to seek cancer treatment, but you should note that most of the cancer treatments can also cause itching all over the body no rash occurrence.
Mental health issues
Imbalance in the chemicals found the brain can result in mental health issues that trigger itching without a rash on the skin.
Medical research also shows that depression and anxiety may lead to itching without a rash. Treat the underlying issue to resolve the itching sensation.
People with HIV are highly susceptible to itching with or without rash. The viruses are known to reduce the immune system of the body to fight any form of infection.
Patients with these viruses are also prone to experience some skin conditions such as eczema, dry skin, psoriasis, and dermatitis.
Adhere to the HIV treatment plan to reduce the itching sensation. However, some people taking HIV drugs also experience itching sensation.
Treatment Tips for Itching without a Rash
According to the National Eczema Association (NEA), people with itching sensation usually find a hard time to sleep or relax. They tend to scratch their skin throughout the night and day.
Here are some of the treatment tips to adopt, but in case of extreme itching sensation, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment.
The tips include:
- Application of methanol which has a cooling effect hence can be used to relieve pain and itching sensation on the skin
- Apply a cold, wet cloth or ice pack on the affected region to cool the itch. Cooling helps to reduce inflammation on the surface.
- Apply wet wrap therapy to rehydrate and soothe the affected part of the skin. The kind of treatment is the best for children.
- Bath in colloidal oatmeal which contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps to relieve unexplained itching on the skin.
- Purchase a reputable moisturizer in the form of lotion and cream then apply on the area that is experiencing itching sensation.
- Stay away from irritants such as insect bites which make the itching sensation worse. Use soaps that do not contain chemical substances that would irritate the skin.
Sources and References
- Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN. “Causes of Itchy Skin without a Rash.” Healthline.
- “Why Do I Feel So Itchy?” WebMD
- Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. “How To Relieve Itching.” Medical News Today.