What Does Normal, Low and High MPV Blood Test Means

MPV blood test is used to indicate the average size of platelet in the human body. The testing process of the level of MPV can be used to determine the health of the bone marrow and how it is functioning.

What does MPV blood test means and what it tells about your health? Well, get more detailed insight from the information in the article about the meaning of a low, high and normal range of MPV. The information can also help you understand what to do when you have a low or high level of MPV.

NOTE: You may also get detailed information about RDW Blood Test: What It Means and What It Tells About Your Health.

Mean Platelet Volume Blood Test Process and Function

According to Wikipedia, the testing process of MPV is used to measure the average size of platelets in your red blood cell count. This is a blood testing routine that is considered part of a complete blood cell (CBC) test.

According to doctors on WebMD, the average size of platelets in your red blood cells can help doctors determine certain blood disorder and also help to diagnose the underlying health conditions.

According to doctors on the mayo clinic, low level of MPV indicates that the levels of your platelets are reducing quickly. This could be due to certain body inflammatory conditions that can lead to anemia.

According to Dr. Thompson Greg, higher MPV level than normal platelet count usually indicates that you have an inadequate level of vitamin D in your body which can put you at the risk of having cardiovascular diseases.

Therefore, it is recommended to test the level of your MPV with your primary care physician. This will help you understand more about your health and get advice on how to live a healthy life.

How to Interpret Low, High & Normal MPV Blood Test

Testing your MPV is usually an easy process that does not cause any pain to your body. According to the journal Blood Cells, the testing process of MPV is meant to help doctors detect certain platelet disorders that require medical attention.

The following are the meaning and interpretation of the normal, low and high level of testing MPV in your blood.

Normal MPV Blood Test

According to doctors on WebMD, the international unit of measuring the level of platelets in the blood is femtoliter and it is denoted as fL. According to the medical research published in the journal Thrombosis Research, the normal range of MPV in blood should measure between 7.2 and 11.7 fL.

However, the level of normal platelets varies in people due to the different genetic composition as well as geographical location. It is important to note that the variation is slightly small. This may indicate you have a healthy body condition without any medical problem.

MPV Blood Test Low Meaning

According to medical research by doctors on Mayo clinic, low level of MPV in a blood test is usually below 7 fL. This usually implies that there is a certain condition in the body that is affecting platelet production in the bone marrow.

It is also important to note that clumping together of platelets can result in low level of MPV. What does it mean to have clumped platelets? Well, platelets clumping together occur due to the way blood test is done.

According to a medical report published in 2016 in the journal Transfusion, viral infection in the body can also result in clumping together of the platelets.

Causes of Low Level of MPV Blood Test

As mentioned earlier, the low level of MPV in blood test indicates that the amount of production of platelets has reduced completely. Depending on your result of other CBC, low level of MPV in blood test indicates the following conditions:

  1. Inflammatory bowel disease

What does a low mean platelet volume mean? Inflammation in the digestive tract could be one of the conditions that show a low level of MPV in your blood.

According to the medical report in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can trigger a low production of platelets in your blood. Some of the other common conditions that result in low level of MPV are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

According to a medical report from the journal Digestive Diseases and Sciences, treatment of inflammatory bowel disease can be used to increase the level of MPV in blood. The medical research shows that after treatment, the level of MPV in blood in patients increase after 14 weeks.

According to doctors from the Mayo Clinic, IBD may also trigger abdominal muscle spasms, diarrhea after eating and improper functioning of the digestive system leading to severe discomfort. It is therefore advisable to visit your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis

What causes a low platelet count? What is the most common cause of low platelet count? Well, rheumatoid arthritis is another main common cause of low platelet count in your blood.

According to the medical report from the journal Rheumatology International, there is a close connection between autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis with a low level of platelet count.

This is proven by contacting an MPV blood testing in a patient suffering from rheumatoid arthritis shows that the level of platelets is too low. Therefore, monitoring of your MPV will help doctors to diagnose and monitor arthritic conditions.

According to doctors on Livingstrong, it is advisable to eat foods that contain omega 3 to help reduce the inflammation in the joints. You can also include turmeric in your diet to help boost your immune system as well as soothe inflammation in your joints.

  1. Viral infections

The blood test result can also help to determine the viral load in the blood that is causing the low level of platelets in RBC. This can also help to diagnose a respiratory viral infection.

According to doctors on WebMD, the common viral infection in the lungs of people of all ages is caused by a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The viral infection usually results in dry cough, runny nose, a sore throat, and mild headache.

According to the medical report by the International Journal of Infectious Diseases, low level of platelets in blood could be due to respiratory syncytial virus infections. Therefore, undergoing MPV blood testing will help doctors determine the severity of the viral infection.

  1. Appendicitis

According to the study published in 2017 by the Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine, it is quite difficult to diagnose acute appendicitis. However, undergoing testing for MPV will help to diagnose acute appendicitis.

According to doctors on WebMD, inflammation of the appendix that causes stomach pains can lead to low level of platelet count in your blood. You will experience appendicitis pain around your belly button.

  1. Autoimmune disorders

Some of the common autoimmune disorders that lead to low level of platelets in your blood are lupus and many others. Therefore low MPV in blood test can help to identify lupus in the body. it is recommended to consult your doctor for blood testing that will help in the treatment of lupus.

  1. Certain Cancers

Are low blood platelets a sign of cancer? What kind of cancer causes low platelets? Well, cancer of the bone marrow is usually linked to low MPV.

According to the medical report by the journal Hematology, identification of bone marrow metastasis can be determined by the low level of MPV along with the platelet distribution width (PDW).

It is important to note that a low level of platelets does not automatically show that you have cancer in your blood. Therefore, testing the low level of MPV will help doctors to determine the best course of treatment of blood cancer if present.

MPV Blood Test High Meaning

What does it mean when your MPV is high? Or what does it mean if you have a high platelet count? Well, the high level of MPV implies that there are more than normal levels of platelets circulating in the blood.

According to doctors on WebMD, the high level of platelets in a blood test is usually more than 12 fL. This indicates that platelets are entering your blood system at a very high rate.

Causes of High Level of MPV Blood Test

Why do I have a high MPV? Well, there are several factors that trigger rapid entry of platelets in your blood as compared to normal range. These factors include:

  1. Sepsis

This is a life-threatening health condition that is known to increase the level of platelets in the blood. It is proven after contacting MPV in a blood test.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an infection in the body can bring about the complication of sepsis. The infection moves around the blood system and this can cause complications to other vital organs.

Also, according to a medical report by the journal PLoS One, high level of MPV during the blood test could also imply inflammatory conditions and diseases. Undergoing MPV in a blood test at your nearest health care will help your doctor determine the severity of the infection.

According to doctors on the Mayo Clinic, an increase in the level of immature granulocytes could also be the reason behind high MPV in a blood test. You also note that there are other signs and symptoms of sepsis.

  1. Vitamin D deficiency

Insufficient Vitamin D in your body can also be shown by having a high level of MPV in a blood test. This is because Vitamin D deficiency usually results in a variety of health problems. Some of the common health problems are asthma, high blood pressure, inflammatory conditions, diabetes, and depression.

According to a medical report in the journal Annals of Laboratory Medicine, there is a strong connection between the low level of Vitamin D in the body and high level of platelet count in the blood. Therefore, the combination of these two factors can result in cardiovascular diseases.

  1. Heart attack

According to doctors at the Cleveland Clinic, you are at high risk of developing heart diseases and heart attack due to having a high level of platelet count in the blood.

According to the journal Current Pharmaceutical Design report, the link between thrombosis and inflammation can result in hypertension that is connected with High MPV. Lifestyle changes can help to improve the circulation of blood hence reduction of chances of getting cardiovascular diseases.

  1. High cholesterol

The level of platelet count in your blood can increase due to a high level of cholesterol in the blood hence increasing the risk of developing heart problems.

According to the Journal of Angiology Investigation, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol can have a negative impact on your arteries. Therefore, patients with low HDL cholesterol usually have high MPV in a blood test.

  1. Diabetes

According to the Journal of Diabetes Investigation, patients with diabetes usually have a blood test that contains high MPV and this can also increase the chance of getting heart problems. This is due to the high level of glucose and LDL cholesterol.

  1. Preeclampsia in pregnancy

Generally, pregnant women are a monitor on a regular basis to determine the health of the mother and the health of the baby. This may involve contacting several blood tests including MPV.

According to a medical report in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, high levels of MPV usually help doctors to determine if the mother is at risk of developing preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia is a life-threatening condition that is common among pregnant women and it can lead to the development of high pressure.

  1. Smoking

High level of MPV can also be increased by excessive smoking. This habit can also lead to a high chance of getting heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases, and premature aging. It is therefore advisable to quit smoking in order to live a healthy life free from complications.

Symptoms of Abnormal MPV Levels

Generally, abnormal level of MPV like low MPV is marked by having poor clotting activity of your blood after getting an open wound.

According to Dr. Charles Patrick Davis on MedicineNet, poor clotting is usually an indication that you have a production level of platelets in your blood.

Abnormal level of MPV can also lead to tiredness feeling all the time, prolonged bleeding cuts, heavy menstrual bleeding among women and unexplained bruising or bruising easily.

On the other hand, you may not develop any visible symptoms in case you have high MPV in the blood. This is because the high level of platelets count usually implies that you are at the high risk of getting cardiovascular problems.

You may also experience chest pains, shortness of breath, racing heartbeat, anxiety, or lightheadedness. It is advisable to consult your doctor in case you are experiencing any of the above symptoms for an early treatment course.

What to Do If You Have Low or High MPV Blood Test

Both low MPV and high MPV result in blood test can be used to identify the root cause of the medical complications in your blood by your doctor depending on the cause.

It is advisable to increase the level of vitamin D in your diet in case of vitamin deficiency that causes a high level of platelet counts in the blood.

It is also recommended to take positive steps in addressing cardiovascular health in order to normalize MPV to acceptable levels.

You can also eat foods that help to maintain a healthy heart and improve the circulation of blood in the arteries. Some of the common food types are oily fish like salmon and tuna, berries, garlic, turmeric, olive oil, and green tea. Healthy foods can also boost your immune system.

FURTHER REFERENCES

  1. Understanding MPV Blood Test Results: https://healthhearty.com/understanding-mpv-blood-test-results
  2. Interpreting MPV Blood Test: http://www.thebrightesthub.com/mpv-blood-test-whats-normal-mean-platelet-volume-mpv/
  3. Understanding Your MPV Test Results: https://www.healthline.com/health/mpv-test
  4. MPV Blood Test: https://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/mpv-blood-test/
  5. Mean platelet volume: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mean_platelet_volume