Roof of Mouth Sore Causes, Symptoms, Pictures and Home Remedies

The health of your mouth is directly linked to your general health. You may be scared when you notice roof of mouth sore. There are several factors that can lead to the roof of the mouth pain. Sores on the roof of the mouth can sometimes be a serious problem.

According to doctors on WebMD, the roof of the mouth is divided into two parts that are hard which is found behind your teeth and soft palate which is the part at the back.

In this post, you will discover some of the causes and symptoms of a sore on the hard or soft palate of the mouth. It also gives some practical home treatments that will help you get rid of sore on the top of your mouth quickly.

Causes of Roof of Mouth Sore

Mouth sores are common ailments at some point in your life. They can also occur on the lips, cheeks, gums, tongue, and floor of the mouth. The common causes of the roof of mouth sore include:

  1. Oral cancer

The presence of sores on the roof of your mouth could be a sign of oral cancer. This is a rare reason and there is no need for concern.

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, the presence of sores on the roof of the mouth that is red or white and do not clear up to 14 days require medical attention.

Consult a professional doctor for diagnosis and treatment since the early treatment of oral cancer can help get rid of it as seen in other types of cancer.

  1. Papillomas

Papillomavirus can cause the formation of a bump on the roof of your mouth. These small bumps have the ability of also appearing on the lips, the hard palate, or gums.

According to dermatologists from WebMD, papillomavirus can also result in the development of warts and skin tags of which are painless and harmless.

Some warts and skin tags can cause irritation and discomfort. It is recommended to consult your doctor for treatment.

  1. Burning mouth syndrome (BMS)

Burning mouth syndrome results in recurrent or constant burning effect in your mouth as the main symptoms.

The burning sensation does not only happen on the roof of the mouth but also on the tongue, inside of your cheeks, or lips. In rare cases, you would experience burning in the whole of your mouth.

According to the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences, the exact cause of the burning mouth syndrome is still unknown.

The likely cause for some people is usually connected with acid reflux, nutritional deficiencies, oral infections, or allergies.

According to the recent research undertaken by experts show that the use of a hot pepper sauce can help relieves the symptoms associated with burning mouth syndrome. Prepare a hot pepper sauce mouthwash and swish your mouth to relieve the pain.

In case the burning mouth syndrome is caused by heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you can opt to seek medical treatment or use home remedies.

  1. Cold sores (fever blisters)

The presence of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) in the body causes cold sores or fever blisters. The virus causes the development of fluid-filled blisters to appear on the roof of the mouth, lips and also gums. The cold sores cause discomfort and some sort of embarrassment.

According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, you are likely also to experience the development of painful fever blisters on the inside of the cheeks and roof of the mouth. The use of honey as a form of treatment can help to get rid of cold sores faster.

Also, according to the study published in 2004, honey has antiviral properties that help to treat cold sores caused by HSV-1. Since honey is a natural remedy, it does not show any side effect when treating lesions on the roof of the mouth.

Apply raw honey on the sores on the roof of mouth using a clean cotton swab. Do these on a daily basis until the sores in the mouth diminish? You can also use Manuka honey to heal cold sores on the lips.

  1. Canker sore on the roof of the mouth

According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, canker sores only appear on the roof of the mouth where there is soft palate tissue only and not the region with hard palate tissues. You may also get canker sores on the tongue, inside cheek and also lips.

According to recent research, canker sores are caused by stress, injuries to the inside of your mouth, vitamin deficiencies, or food allergies. It is not easy to cure canker sores but fortunately, the use of home remedies help to ease the symptoms associated with canker sores.

The most effective remedy for canker sores is Witch hazel. When Hazel is used as the mouthwash, it helps to relieve the pain and inflammation of the sores on the roof of the mouth. It also helps to speed up the healing process.

Alternatively, you can use baking soda powder to decrease inflammation and faster healing process. Mix some baking soda in water to form a thick paste and apply on the sores. Leave the paste on the sores for some time. Repeat the steps until all the pain and discomfort disappear.

  1. Mucous cyst (mucocele)

Mucocele can occur on the roof of the mouth causing swelling and formation of a bump on your palate or on your tongue. The condition happens when your salivary gland in the mouth get blocked and filled with mucus.

According to dentist Dr. Alfred D. Wyatt Jr., the common symptom of mucous cyst is the formation of the soft painless bump in the soft and hard palate. Fortunately, these mucous cysts do not require any treatment since they do clear up on their own.

However, if the lump on the roof of the mouth become bigger or causes a lot of discomforts, consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Injury or trauma

Trauma due to burn or injury due to sharp foods like potato chips or nachos scratching the palate can result in the formation of sores on the roof of the mouth. Also, the use of poorly fitting dentures can rub on the roof of the mouth causing the formation of bloody blisters or mouth ulcers.

Mouth ulcers cause irritation and discomfort on the roof of the mouth. Therefore, removal of objects that causes damage to the soft palate helps to fasten the healing process. It is recommended to avoid eating hot and spicy foods during the healing process.

  1. Infections

The infection of the roof of the mouth caused by tooth decay, bacteria getting into an injury in the roof of the mouth or a virus can result in swelling, discomfort, and appearance of painful abscesses in the hard palate.

According to Doctor of Dental Surgery, Dr. David F. Murchison, the infection of the gums or teeth can result in pus-filled bump. These bumps cause inflammation around the infected area. In case the infection occurs on the side of the teeth, the abscesses cause pain and inflammation too.

Visit your medical doctor in case you notice certain swellings on the side of the teeth. This infection needs to be treated early prevent it from spreading from one part to another.

  1. The roof of mouth burn

Eating hot is the cause of burn on the roof of the mouth that results in sores. The burning occurs due to the delicate tissues on the top of the mouth. The burn can also cause blisters, swelling, and damage or sores to the roof of the mouth.

Any type of food or beverages can cause burn on the roof of the mouth. The most common type of food is pizza that causes burns on the hard palate. This situation happens due to the presence of hot cream on the top of the pizza.

According to the journal Registered Dental Hygienist, heating foods and drinks in the microwave can be the common cause of burn on the roof of the mouth. This is because microwaves tend to heat foods and drinks at a higher temperature.

According to the mayo clinic recommendation about healing, the burn is applying something cold on the area for about 10-15 seconds. You can also use Aloe Vera gel to soothe and heal the sores on the roof of the mouth.

The roof of Mouth Sore Symptoms

The common signs and symptoms of mouth sores are reddening and swelling especially while eating or drinking. You may also experience tingling or burning sensation on the roof of the mouth.

The following are some of the signs and symptoms sores on the roof of the mouth that can help your doctor toward a diagnosis include:

  • Muscle spasms

This symptom is common when the level of electrolytes in your body becomes too low. Therefore, maintaining the adequate level of electrolyte in the body will help to avoid symptoms of dehydration or overhydration.

  • Sores or blisters

Small bumps or nodules on the roof the mouth can occur due to canker sores and cold sores. These spots may become painful and irritated when they grow.

  • Dry mouth

This may be an indication of a serious mouth problem. This could cause a blockage in your saliva glands, trauma, or burns from hot food or liquid. Dry mouth and swelling in the roof of the mouth could be due to drinking alcohol.

Sore Patch on Roof of Mouth

Mouth sores can be a presence on any part of the mouth but having sores on the roof of the mouth can be annoying. The common causes of the sore patch on the roof of the mouth include:

  1. Hot Foods

Eating hot foods quickly is the common cause of sores on the mouth due to burning. Therefore, it is recommended to be careful when eating or drinking something hot that can aggravate or contract the roof of mouth pain.

The soft and hard palate tissues are soft and this makes them be damaged by hot coffee, tea, or melted cheese in pizzas or lasagnas. Therefore, you can cool the area by applying cold ice to it.

  1. Mouth Infection

The presence of food remains and humidity makes the mouth to be susceptible to both bacterial and viral infections. The palate and throat can hurt due to common cold, sinusitis, tonsillitis and many other common infections.

It is recommended to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Also, you can use the available home remedies such as food rich in vitamin B and vitamin C help speed up the healing process.

  1. Cold Sore

It is also known as fever blisters which causes discomfort and roof of the mouth sores. Fever blisters are painful and annoying. They get worse when eating due to chewing or hot foods causing more damage.

The use of antiviral medication like penciclovir (Denavir), valacyclovir (Valtrex), famciclovir (Famvir) and acyclovir (Xerese, Zovirax) can be used to clear fever blisters.

  1. Canker Sore

Canker sores happen due to a bacterial infection that enters the skin through the small cracks. Canker sores are not contagious and do not appear on the lips. They can be painful and make eating or drinking difficult.

  1. Burning Mouth Syndrome

This is an unpleasant feeling that causes the burning sensation that begins in the throat, and then the mouth and the palate. It can also cause sleeping to be difficult due to the pain and discomfort. The use of baking powder paste and yogurt can ease the pain.

  1. Mouth Cancer

This is relatively a rare case but it can result in mixed white and red areas which may cause the painful sensation. The risk of oral cancer is quite common among chronic smokers and drinkers.

Sores on Roof of Mouth Pictures

The pictures about the sores on the roof of the mouth bring out various signs and symptoms such as swelling, peeling of the skin, bumps or spots and the tender feeling of the palate.

Therefore, you can the pictures to help you detect the signs and symptoms before seeking immediate medication. Your doctor can use them to prescribe the type of medicines to help heal the condition.

Sore Spot on Roof of Mouth

The palate makes the mouth to be complicated when it comes to the formation of sore spots on the roof of the mouth. The common causes of bumps on the roof of mouth include:

  • Incisive Papilla

This condition is characterized by the formation of bumps behind the front teeth. These bumps are quite common and in case they get larger in size, consult a professional doctor. You can visit an oral pathologist to see if it can be removed.

  • Smoking

The use of a pipe or cigar while smoking can result in a condition known as smoker’s palate or nicotine stomatitis.

This condition is characterized by some whitish bumps appearing on the palate. The bumps could be marked by a reddish depression occurring at the center.

  • Dental Issues

The condition causes the formation of caries in the upper jaw and sometimes on the root canal causing the development of an abscess.

The plaque occurs due to poor oral hygiene which causes swelling of the upper jaw. These gum swelling may occur as bumps on the roof of the mouth.

  • Mucocele

This condition causes the formation of bumps or lumps that look like cysts but they are usually harmless. The lump which develops in the mouth or palate can be a result of the blockage of salivary glands or ducts causing accumulation of mucus.

  • Torus Palatinus

It is marked by a bump protrusion on the roof of the mouth. This growth should not be a source of concern as it is harmless. In case the growth keeps on increasing in size, consult a professional doctor for medication.

  • Epstein Pearls

These are types of bumps that occur on the roof of the mouth of infants or younger kids.  The condition is also known as gingival or palatal cysts. It consists of yellowish or white bumps on the roof of mouth or gums.

  • Oral Cancer

The formation of bumps that do not go away easily is an indication of oral cancer. If it is not treated, it can be a life-threatening condition.

The disease can also affect the tonsils, lips, cheeks, sinuses, roof of the mouth, floor of the mouth, glands, throat as well as tongue.

  • Maxillary Sinus Growths

It results in the growth of maxilla bone on the palate causing swelling and pain. The swelling can be seen as a bump or lump on the roof of the mouth. Patients suffering from the condition may also experience a lost sense of smell, nasal sores and headaches.

  • Exostosis/Mandibular Torus

The condition occurs on both the roof of the mouth and the lower part of the mouth. The condition is rare but it results in extra protruding.

This can easily be injured by hard or sharp food and such kind of injuries can cause painful sores or ulcers that can be difficult to heal as the area can get bruised and bumped when eating.

Red Sores on Roof of Mouth

There are numerous causes of red spots on the roof of the mouth. Some of these causes are due to minor inconveniences while others can pose some serious health problem in your mouth. The common causes of red spots include:

  • Canker Sores
  • Candidiasis
  • Coxsackievirus Infection
  • Oral Herpes
  • Injuries

Sore Roof of Mouth behind Front Teeth

The sores on the roof of the mouth behind front teeth can be annoying due to the discomfort and pain. The sores make eating and chewing food to be difficult. It can also cause swelling and irritation to some extent.

Recurrent pain and burning effect require medical examination and treatment. However, this should not raise concern at all since some sores may heal on their own.

The common causes of sores on the roof of mouth include:

  • Burn
  • Canker sores
  • Cold sores

Why Is the Roof of My Mouth Sore and Swollen?

Do your roof of mouth feels bruised? You may also experience swelling and pain on the roof of the mouth at some point in life.

The common causes of Swollen Roof of Mouth include:

  • Allergic Reactions

The roof of the mouth mainly comes into contact with many substances that make it respond by producing antihistamines. Some of the common allergens are foods, mouthwash and toothpaste can cause swelling, inflammation, and irritation of the mouth.

  • Physical Injury

When the delicate tissue on the roof of the mouth is subjected to trauma or injury, it results in swelling. Some of the common cause of injury is the dental procedures, use of toothpicks to remove stuck foods in between teeth, sharp objects like fish bones that may prick the roof of the mouth etc.

  • Burns while Eating

Eating hot foods or drinking hot beverages can result in mouth burns. They cause a scalding effect on the roof of the mouth resulting in burns and swelling. For severe burns, consult your doctor for medication and examination.

  • Infections

Infections on the palate may see your mouth swollen. The infection could either be due to viral or bacterial. Do roof of mouth hurts sinus? Sinus infections, common colds, thrush as well as strep throat can all affect the palate since microorganisms in other areas can invade it.

Other common causes of the swollen roof of mouth include:

  • Ill-fitting Oral Devices
  • Illnesses
  • Dental Problems
  • Cold Sores
  • Canker Sores
  • Cancer

How to Get Rid Of Sores on Roof of Mouth

Some of the common remedies for sores on the roof of mouth include:

  1. Aloe

The aloe vera gel has healing properties. It helps to sooth the sores, swelling and also ease the pain. Aloe products can be of oral use which can be used to get rid of the sores and swelling. The oral aloe product is considered to be safe in case of an infection.

  1. Salty Water

This is the best remedy for sores on the roof of the mouth due to canker sores. Mix some salt with water to form a saline solution. Rinse the mouth on a daily basis until the sores have completely healed.

  1. Ice Pops

It helps to constrict the blood vessels on the palate and thus reducing the flow of blood on the area. This help to reduce swelling and fasten the healing of the sores. It also helps to relieve the pain and make the area numb.

  1. Baking Soda

It plays many roles as far as healing in the mouth is a concern. It helps to treat swellings that are in the form of sores and blisters. It helps in balancing the pH in the mouth and thus gets rid of microorganisms that may be causing infections.

  1. Anti-bacterial Mouth Wash

When the sores in the palate are due to bacterial infection, the use of antibacterial mouthwash can help clear the infection and with time get rid of the swollen roof of the mouth.

How to Prevention Roof of Mouth Sore

Although it is quite difficult to avoid the roof of the mouth sores, there are some ways that can help to prevent soreness from starting. They include:

  • Allow the food to cool before eating
  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumptions
  • Try to relax and avoid stress

When to See a Doctor

It is advisable to visit your doctor for an examination in case some of the symptoms on the roof of the mouth persist for long. This will help to rule out any serious cause of the sore on the roof of your mouth.

Some of the signs and symptoms that will require prompt medical treatment from your doctor include:

  • Sores those are larger than half an inch in diameter
  • Frequent outbreaks of mouth sores
  • Rash
  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea


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