Skin Rashes That Itch and Burn Causes, Home Remedies &Treatments

Skin rashes that itch and burn are one of the most common skin conditions that affect several people in this world. According to medical surveys by doctors at Mayo Clinics, many dermatologists usually see several patients experiencing some sort of skin irritation on their body per day.

However, itchy skin rash is easier to treat using either simple home remedies or over the counter medications depending on the underlying cause. Severe rashes that result in pus discharge by requiring doctor intervention.

In this post, you can discover some of the common types of rashes on the skin that itch, causes and various forms of treatment. You can also explore some of the pictures and understand some of the symptoms associated with stress rash as well as viral rash in adults.

Causes

According to doctors on WebMD, skin rashes that itch usually indicate an underlying health condition or disease or simply irritation of the skin. Therefore, understanding the cause will help to determine the form of treatment to adopt.

It is important to note that there are certain illnesses and conditions that cause rashes are contagious. Here are some of the most common causes of itchy skin rashes. The causes include:

  1. Eczema

This is a type of skin condition that results in skin patches that are dry, red, inflamed and itchy. You will notice the appearance of fluid-filled blisters or weeping sores. The skin may also become leathery due to frequent or excessive scratching of the skin.

According to the medical report by the American Academy of Dermatology, children between the ages of 5 years are commonly affected by atopic eczema. However, even adults can develop this type of rash but it is rare.

According to doctors on mayo clinic, eczema is known to run into families resulting in a genetic condition. The severity of the symptoms usually varies from one person to another. Some of the common causes are food allergies and other allergens like pollen or dander.

  1. Infestation

You can also develop skin rashes that itch due to infestation by certain parasites like mites. These mites burrow the upper layer of the skin in search of food and a place to lay eggs. These mites are passed from one place to another through the skin to skin contact.

Scabies mites are the common mites that result in itchy skin rash that appear as small red bumps on the skin. These bumps are usually accompanied by intense itching due to the accumulation of waste products of these mites on the skin.

In the case of scalp skin, it could be due to infestation by head lice which anchor themselves on the hair shaft and bite the scalp. The bites induce certain chemicals in the scalp skin resulting in the formation of itchy rashes.

  1. Chickenpox

This is a type of skin condition that usually starts from the stomach region as itchy rashes that eventually spread to other parts of the body. You will experience the appearance of small, red, fluid-filled blisters all over the body.

According to doctors on the Cleveland clinic, constant scratching of these itchy rashes on the skin could result in permanent scarring. It is also important to note that these weeping sores are usually contagious.

Chickenpox is normally caused by the herpes zoster virus which usually affects children of age less than 10 years. In case is affect adults, it can result in more serious complications like Reye’s syndrome and Guillain-Barr syndrome.

  1. Christmas tree Rash (Pityriasis Rosea)

This is a type of skin condition that usually begins as a single patch on chest, abdomen, and back. It results in skin rashes that are usually fine, itchy and scaly. These rashes that are itchy have the ability to spread to other parts of the body.

You can use medicated lotions or creams to help combat the itchiness and fasten the disappearance of these rashes. However, according to doctors on the Cleveland clinic, these types of rashes usually disappear after 10 weeks without treatment.

  1. Psoriasis

This is a skin condition that results in overproduction of skin cells that build up and result in itchy and inflamed patches on the skin. According to doctors on WebMD, the condition occurs due to an overactive immune system.

You can either use topical medications or light therapy to help ease the signs and symptoms of the skin condition. Always consult your doctor in case you have a wide spread of the condition on the skin that results in severe symptoms for diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Side Effects of Certain Medications

You can also develop drug rash after taking due to an allergic reaction. If the skin gets exposed to the sun, you are likely to develop skin rashes that itch and burn. Some of the common medication that results in drug rashes is antibiotics and water pills (diuretics) among others.

According to doctors on WebMD, it is recommended to check with your doctor in case the itchy skin rashes become uncomfortable and severe. Untreated drug rashes may also result in a life-threatening allergic reaction on the respiratory systems.

  1. Pregnancy

During the pregnancy period, the body experiences fluctuation in hormones and this may result in itching with the formation of rashes or without rashes. However, these itchy rashes on the skin may range from being harmless to a more serious condition.

According to doctors on Medscape, this type of skin condition that happens during pregnancy usually disappear immediately after childbirth. Always check with your doctor for diagnosis and treatment where necessary.

  1. Urticaria (Hives)

This is a skin condition that results in the formation of itchy, pink to red bumps on any part of the body. This type of itchy skin rashes is triggered by a reaction to certain medications, infections, and stress and food allergies.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the rashes usually last for a few hours then disappear depending on the severity. It is also important to note that hives can affect anyone regardless of age and race.

  1. Heat rash (miliaria)

This is another type of skin condition that results in the appearance of itchy skin rash due to obstruction of sweat flow. It is common during hot and humid weather or overdressing.

According to doctors on mayo clinic, heat rash results in the appearance of clusters of small red bumps on the skin that has a sensation of pricking or stinging.

However, heat rash is not a serious skin condition since it is resolved by taking a cold bath or application or cold compress on the affected part of the body. it is also recommended to wear loose and lightweight clothing. Always avoid excessive heat and humidity.

  1. Other causes

Although in a rare occasion, you can develop an itchy skin rash that doesn’t go away. This could be a sign of a serious illness such as:

  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain cancers, particularly Hodgkin’s disease
  • Diabetes
  • Iron deficiency
  • HIV

Note: You may also read my article about the causes and treatment of itchy red bumps on the skin. This article may also help you understand other conditions that may lead to skin rashes that itch all over the body.

Symptoms

Generally, skin rashes usually occur in a localized area or over a large area of the body depending on the cause. However, different types of rashes have different forms of signs and symptoms. Some rashes may be dry, moist, bumpy or smooth.

These rashes may trigger itchy skin with formation of tiny red spots on the skin. However, skin rashes that itch are marked by the following signs and symptoms:

  • Red patches on the skin around the rashes
  • Black spots on skin appearance after healing of the skin rashes
  • Dry and cracked skin
  • Weeping sores or blisters on the skin
  • Skin ulceration

You can also experience intense itching accompanying the above symptoms which can result in open wounds on the skin. This can make the skin to be susceptible to infections such as bacterial or fungal. It is important to avoid extreme scratching of the skin.

Pictures

In this post, you can explore the pictures and understand some of the causes and various symptoms associated with skin rashes that itch. The pictures can also help you analyze your skin condition and decide if you can seek medical attention.

According to doctors on WebMD, the pictures help to give the general insight into the state of the skin condition and various form of treatment you can adopt.

 Home Remedies

The following are some of the most popular home remedies that can help to get rid of skin rashes that itch and burn. The remedies include:

  • Use of Apple cider vinegar

This natural remedy helps to get rid of skin rashes that occur due to allergic reactions, dry skin, and itchy skin. This is because it has antiseptic and anti-fungal properties that may also help to get rid of rashes that are infected. It also moisturizes the skin hence preventing dry skin.

  • Calamine dab

Calamine is an ingredient that is found in many homesteads as well as the commercial lotions. It helps to relieve the itching effect from the skin rashes that itch. It is considered suitable for itchy skin rashes that occur due to allergic reactions.

  • Vaseline

This is a petroleum jelly that is readily available in our homes. It may help to infection of the skin that causes scaling and dryness. It provides a soothing and cooling effect on the itchy skin rashes.

  • Oatmeal bath

Itchy rashes on the skin can be relieved with a colloidal oatmeal bath. According to doctors on Treat Meds, this colloidal oatmeal bath helps to moisturize the skin thus preventing dryness and scaling of the skin.

Treatments

According to doctors on Medscape, skin rash that itch mainly occurs due to a side effect of certain drugs, various foods, insect bites or materials the skin comes in contact with. Also, you may experience itchy skin rash due to infectious agents, sun exposure, stress or certain autoimmune diseases.

Fortunately, there is a various form of treatment that can help to treat this type of skin rashes depending on the cause. Some of the common topical and internal medical treatments that help to get rid of itchy skin rashes include:

  • Hydrocortisone Cream

This is a topical treatment that is meant in easing the itching sensation as well as the elimination of skin rashes. You can obtain the cream over the counter with a prescription but always follow the instruction given by the manufacturer.

Apply the cream on the skin twice a day until all the itchy skin rashes disappear. Always avoid applying this cream in excess since it may also result in other skin problems.

  • Anti-Itch Creams

There are quite a number of anti-itch creams that are found over the counter and can be used to relieve the itching effect as well as promote healing. Most of these creams contain Pramoxine, Diphenhydramine (i.e. Benadryl), Camphor and Menthol of which all have soothing effects.

  • Antihistamines

This is a common treatment that is known to be effective in the treatment of itchy skin rashes caused by allergies. The body responds to the allergen by releasing histamines in order to counter the reaction. Therefore, the use of antihistamines helps to prevent the histamines from forming.

Some of the common antihistamines creams that are used by many people to relieve itchy skin rashes are Diphenhydramine or Benadryl, Chlorpheniramine or Chlor Trimeton, Loratadine, marketed as Claritin and Cetirizine or Zyrtec.

  • Hydrogen Peroxide

The use of a low concentrated hydrogen peroxide can help to get rid of itchy skin rashes too. Avoid use of high concentration hydrogen peroxide since it can trigger skin irritation. Apply the solution on the affected area on the skin.

  • Vitamins and Supplements

Sometimes you can develop itchy skin rashes due to dry skin. This condition can be managed by use of few vitamins and supplements in the diet. Omega 3 fatty acids are particularly effective in eliminating dry skin.

FURTHER REFERENCES

  1. Causes of Itchy Skin Rash: https://www.livestrong.com/article/355811-how-to-treat-a-bright-red-rash-on-the-hands/
  2. What’s Causing My Skin to Itch? https://www.healthline.com/health/itching
  3. Why is my skin itchy? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/311473.php
  4. Common skin rashes: https://www.mayoclinic.org/skin-rash/sls-20077087?s=5
  5. Why Do I Feel So Itchy? https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/psoriasis/why-so-itchy#1
  6. Chronic Itchy Skin Rashes in Children: https://www.skinsight.com/disease-groups/chronic-itchy-skin-rashes-in-children