White bumps on the back of the tongue are not a serious medical condition but it is advisable to go for a checkup. This is because the appearance of bumps or lumps anywhere on the body can be alarming. These bumps are easily noticeable since some are painful especially when undertaking oral hygiene.
In this post, you will learn the cause of white bumps or spots that appear on the back of the tongue and some of the most effective treatments that can be found at home. You will also get to know circumstance that may require immediate medical attention.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue Causes
According to doctors on WebMD, the state of the tongue can tell more about your health. Here are some of the most common causes of white bumps or spots at the back of your tongue. The causes include:
- ‘Canker sores
Canker sores do happen to many people once in a lifetime. These small bumps can appear anywhere around the mouth including the back of your tongue. They usually begin with a tingling or burning sensation before a white ulcer occurs.
According to doctors on the Cleveland clinic, canker sores are generally white in color with red borders. There are some instances you will develop large painful canker sores that may take longer to heal.
According to Dr. John Cunha on WebMD, there are several factors that can trigger the occurrence of canker sores on the back of your tongue. Some of the common causes are eating acidic foods, lack of vitamin in your diet, stress and excessive smoking habit.
- Cold sores
This is another cause of white bump at the back of your tongue. It is also known as fever blisters. It mainly affects the tip of your tongue and along the lips. However, it can also cause white sores on the roof of the mouth and even at the back of your tongue.
According to medical research done by Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD, cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1. Common signs and symptoms of cold sores on mouth and back of the tongue are tingling, itching and pain.
- Oral thrush
Oral thrush is known to be caused by a candida yeast infection which results in the formation of white bumps at the back of your tongue. You will also notice the occurrence of a white substance like cottage cheese on top of your tongue.
According to Dr. Minesh Khatri on WebMD, the overgrowth of candida fungus in the mouth happens to be the source of oral thrush on the tongue. You will also notice the formation of small white bumps on the back of your mouth, tongue, inner cheeks and even along the tonsils.
According to medical research by experts, stress is the main source of many conditions in the body. Stress is known to trigger some underlying conditions such as cold sores, canker sores, and candida infections to result in the formation of bumps.
According to Dr. Dyall-Smith who is a dermatologist from New Zealand, stress can result in inflamed taste buds on your tongue. You may also experience localized swelling, inflammation, and pain in the back of your tongue.
- Inflamed taste buds
Inflamed taste buds can occur anywhere on your tongue and it happens due to a condition is known as transient lingual papillitis. The medical term for a swollen taste bud is known as lie bumps.
There are several reasons that are behind the formation of the white lesion on the back of your tongue. Some of the common causes of inflamed taste buds include digestive problems, fluctuations in hormones, or allergies.
- Squamous cell papilloma
These are types of bumps on the back of the tongue that is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The condition is said to be noncancerous. It can result in the formation of either white or red bumps on the tongue.
According to Dr. Vanessa Ngan on Medicenet, squamous cell papilloma can occur anywhere within the oral cavity. The can also appear on the lips and inside the cheeks despite occurring on the back of the tongue.
These bumps are harmless but it is advisable to consult your doctor in case you notice they start to spread and cause discomfort.
- Scarlet fever
It results in the formation of bumps on the back of your tongue and it can also result in a strawberry tongue. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the condition at the back of your tongue is caused by a type of bacteria known as Streptococcus.
During the initial stages of the bacterial infection, you will experience fever, sore throat and bumpy tongue. Sometimes, scarlet fever can turn into a serious medical condition with complications. Make sure you consult your doctor for treatment.
- Lymphoepithelial Cysts
This condition is rare but it can affect the back of your tongue and result in the formation of bumps. According to the Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College, lymphoepithelial cysts not only affect the back of your tongue but also the floor of the mouth. These bumps can be removed surgically.
- Oral cancer
This type of cancer is very rare but it is usually marked by a small to large bump or a blood blister that won’t heal. These blood blisters usually occur on the back and side of the tongue.
According to Dr. Michael Friedman on WebMD, oral cancer is marked by the occurrence of bumps or lumps in the mouth, white and red patches on the tongue as well as on the roof of the mouth.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue in Babies
Can a toddler get a white bump on the back of the tongue? Well, this question is common among many forums when mothers notice the appearance of small white dots on the tongue of their babies.
Just like adults, infants and babies are also susceptible to the formation of white spots on the back of the tongue. This can result in loss of taste and appetite among babies.
Some of the common causes of white spots on the tongue of babies are canker sores, lie bumps and oral thrush. It is advisable to be on a watch out of your baby and visit your health care for diagnosis and treatment.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue during Pregnancy
During the pregnancy period, many women have been reported to experience development of bumps on the back of the tongue. This usually happens due to stress, hormonal imbalance, weak immune system, and allergic reaction.
However, you should not be scared when you notice swollen roof of the mouth behind front teeth and the appearance of white spots on the back of the tongue. They usually disappear after some time.
In case of painful white sores on the back of your tongue, it is advisable to consult your doctor since it could imply a serious medical condition.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue Pictures
We have provided pictures in this post to help you understand the symptoms and be able to identify the underlying medical conditions. These pictures show various locations of white spots on the back of the tongue regardless of the cause.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue Bleeding
There are some instances you will notice bleeding white bumps on your tongue. This could be due to injuries while brushing the teeth. It is advisable to seek medical help when you notice bumps on the back of your tongue bleeding.
This is because bleeding bumps could be due to a serious medical condition that may require checkup. This could result in serious complications that could be life-threatening.
Oral thrush is the common cause of white bumps on the tongue that are prone to bleeding. You can try as much as you can to scrap off the white coat on your tongue. In case of severe cases, consult your doctor.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue and Swollen Tonsils
Tonsillitis infection can result in the formation of bumps on the back of your tongue. The bumps are mainly red in color but sometimes can be coated with a whitish substance. The common cause of this condition on the tongue is strep throat.
It is also important to note that the appearance of bumps on the back and side of the tongue is a common condition. This is because these bumps are harmless and do disappear on their own without treatment.
White Bumps on Back of Tongue Treatment
Generally, white bumps on the back of the tongue usually heal on their own after some few days. Here are some of the home treatments that can help to get rid of irritants that cause these bumps on the tongue. They include:
- Consume Soothing Food and Drinks
It is advisable to consume Yogurt or use cold water to help ease the inflammation and discomfort caused by the white bumps on the tongue. You can also apply some ice chips which can also relieve the pain.
You can also chew mint since it contains anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that can help to get rid of the bumps faster.
- Avoid Triggering Food and Drinks
It is also advisable to stop eating foods that irritate the bumps on the tongue especially if you are trying to get rid of them. Eating acidic foods or drinking acidic juices may also cause pain and discomfort on the tongue.
It is also recommended to quit smoking and drinking alcohol in order to avoid the severity of white bumps on the tongue. This is in order to avoid further complications.
- Maintain a Good Oral Hygiene
Proper oral hygiene routine usually helps to prevent most of the oral diseases. Therefore, it is advisable to choose toothpaste and toothbrush wisely. This is because the oral skin tissues are quite delicate and are prone to injuries.
Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water on a daily basis can help to have a good oral hygiene. This can also help to get rid of bumps on the tongue and other oral infections. Always keep your mouth hydrated to prevent the growth of microorganism causing infections.
- Salt Water Gargles
It has antibacterial properties that help to get rid of germs causing infection in the mouth. It does not affect the production of mucus in the mouth but promotes the healing process of the bumps on the tongue.
Doctors on WebMD recommend gargling salt water to maintain oral health. Dissolve some small amount of salt in water and swish your mouth daily.
- Baking soda
It is another home remedy that helps to promote healing of the tongue from sore white bumps. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that help to relieve the pain caused by the bumps on the tongue. Here are steps on how to use it:
- Mix one teaspoon of baking soda with few drops to create a smooth paste
- Apply this paste directly to the affected part of the tongue
- Allow it to stay on your tongue for about 10 minutes before you rinse it off
- Repeat this treatment two times in a day until white spots on your tongue clear away
- Bumps on Back of Tongue: Causes and Effective Treatments: https://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/bumps-on-back-of-tongue/
- White Spot On The Tongue: Is It Serious? https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/white-spot-on-the-tongue-1215
- White Bumps on the Tongue: https://www.livestrong.com/article/312409-large-white-bumps-on-the-tongue/
- Bumps on Back of Tongue: Causes and Natural Treatments: https://www.doctorshealthpress.com/health-articles/bumps-on-back-of-tongue-causes-treatments/
- What Are the Bumps on My Tongue? https://www.healthline.com/health/dental-and-oral-health/tongue-bumps